In this region, there is an elaborate system of identifying others by social class, rank and position within the family, clan, or tribe. A person is identified as someone‘s child or a father belonging to a particular family. Ibn or Bin means son of and Abu means father of. The same applies to women Bint means daughter and Umm means mother. So, the identity of an Arab is collective and not individual. The Arab male has responsibilities as head of house. Arab culture values group rights little value is placed on the needs of the individual and much more emphasis is attached to the needs of the group, hence the word private as we westerners understand it does not have an exact Arabic translation. While the concept of privacy exists in the Arab world privacy does not imply personal or individuated space, and this is evident in the need for inclusion it would be quite normal for a westerner to arrange a confidential meeting with his host in the Arab world only to find the room full of family, colleagues and neighbours.
Honour and dishonour are important factors that influence the behaviour in this culture Public behaviour is influenced recipient of the communication so, there is a tendency to express or communicate messages upon other people‘s perceptions. Before getting down to business at a meeting it is important to exchange pleasantries, and accept your host’s hospitality. The western style of going straight into business is considered impolite, here people will do business with you because they feel good about you.
A thorough understanding of Arab culture and society is achieved with a little basic knowledge of religion, Islam, and its founder Prophet Mohammed whose recitations called for all to rid themselves of their sinful ways and to worship only one God as the true God whom he called Allah. The Prophet called for social reforms, caring for those who could not care for themselves, and encouraged giving personal wealth to charity. The five pillars of Islam are, Profession of faith, Prayer, Almsgiving, Fasting and Pilgrimage to Makkah. Prayers are offered 5 times a day facing towards Makkah at daybreak, midday, mid afternoon, sunset and nightfall. The holy book Qur‘an is the infallible word of God.
Culture Crimes and Cultural Lip Service